Skills of Explaining

To present the subject matter in a simplified form before the learners and making it acquirable is known as explanation skill. It involves ability of the teacher to describe logically’ how’, ‘why’ and ‘when’ concept etc. The teacher has to give proper explanation and reasons to bring clarity and proper understanding of what is being taught.


1.Beginning statement

The purpose of this statement is to create readiness among the pupils to pay attention to the point being explained. It is the introductory statement to begin explanation.

2.Explaining Links

These are words and phrases which are mostly conjunctions and prepositions and are generally used by the teachers to make his explanation effective.These are :

the result of the cause of such thatthe consequence of
the function of hereafterdue to so that
as a result ofthis is how thereforein order to
thusbecausethe purpose of next

Example :  The cause of bodies falling towards earth is the gravitational force.

1.Fluency in language

The teacher should use fluent language so that the learners could listen and understand the teacher’s explanation clearly.

2. Concluding Statement  

This is the statement made at the end of the explanation. It includes the summary of all the main results of the explanation.

3.Questions to Test Pupils’ Understanding

These are short questions put to the pupils to test their understanding of the concept after the explanation. The main purpose is simply to judge whether the pupils have understood or not.


1.Irrelevant Statements

These are statements sometimes made by the teacher during explanation which have nothing to do with the present concept. These statements do not contribute   to understanding rather create confusion in the minds of the students.

2.Lacking in Continuity

It happens when the sentences remain incomplete or are reformulated in the middle of the statement and there are other causes also like :

  • a statement is not logically related to the previous statement.
  • when a topic of previously taught content is referred without showing the relationship to what is being explained.
  • when there is no sequence of space or place.
  • use of inappropriate vocabulary of technical terms which are quite unknown to pupils.
  • use of vague words and phrases.

Micro-Lesson Plan

Subject :     English                                                                        Date :

Topic : Composition writing (Note-Making)                       Class VIII :

Composition Writing (Note making)

We make notes for our personal study and they help us to record and condense information we come across in the books we read for later use i.e. our notes help us to write our answers to assignments and examination questions without memorising or reproducing the original source.
Sl. NoTeacher's ActivityPupil's activityComponents of Skills
1What are notes?

Notes are one of the forms of storing information in an easily retrievable way for future use. We make notes while listening to a lecture or while we read, while watching a TV programme etc.
No response

Listen attentively
Beginning statement
2Why make notes?

We make notes for many purposes. Some of the common purposes for which we make notes are:
- studying
- writing articles, essays etc.
- making speeches, presentations etc.
- making telephone calls
No response

Beginning statement
3The purpose of note making enables one to condense what one reads to the essential points which are easier to remember but there are some characteristics of good notes.Listen attentivelyExplaining links

Explaining links
4How to make notes?

In order to make good notes, one should develop the ability to
- identify the main points
- condense the main information
- organize the condense information in a systematic manner.
Thus summing up we can say that note-making is a skill which we develop to record important points. The format depends on our characteristic style of presenting information.
No response

Listen attentively
Explaining links

Concluding statement
5How do we make notes? By condensing the original text.

By noting down the main points.
Testing understanding of concept.
6How do you use the notes you had made?To apply the points to answer an assignment.

Helps to remember the points for an exam.
Testing understanding
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